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Proceedings Paper

Glasses as active and passive components for scintillating fiber detectors
Author(s): Walter P. Siegmund; Peter A. Nass; Jean-Paul Fabre; Wilfred Flegel; Viktor Zacek; Giuseppe Martellotti; Gaston Wilquet
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Paper Abstract

Scintillating fibers are of growing interest in high energy physics for applications in calorimetry and in tracking detectors At present plastic scintillating fibers are mainly used in these applications because of their high light yield and their fast decay rates; however, in thin fibers, required for high spatial resolution, these suffer from low attenuation lengths. Moreover, cross-talk is still a severe problem. As alternatives we will discuss the following two concepts: (1) using Ce- and Tb-doped multicomponent glasses as active core material of glass fibers and (2) using liquid scintillator filled glass capillary arrays. The optical properties of the rare earth doped glasses are described and the scintillation efficiency of the fibers and fiber bundles utilizing these glasses as core material are presented. Broader applications appear to the possible with liquid scintillator filled capillary arrays. Suitable liquid scintillators with high refractive index solvents and locally emitting solutes with high yields, short decay times and large Stokes-shifts are available. Arrays can be produced with and without extra mural absorber in various sizes and shapes. Theoretical estimates show that reflection losses at the liquid/glass interface do not effect the overall transmission up to length/diameter ratios of 105. In addition recent results have shown that the system resists radiation doses in the 100 kGy range. Further experimental results obtained at CERN with these arrays will be discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 February 1993
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 1737, Neutrons, X Rays, and Gamma Rays: Imaging Detectors, Material Characterization Techniques, and Applications, (2 February 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.142563
Show Author Affiliations
Walter P. Siegmund, Schott Fiber Optics (United States)
Peter A. Nass, Schott Glaswerke (Germany)
Jean-Paul Fabre, CERN (Switzerland)
Wilfred Flegel, CERN (Switzerland)
Viktor Zacek, CERN (Switzerland)
Giuseppe Martellotti, Univ. di Roma (Italy)
Gaston Wilquet, Univ. Libre de Bruxelles (Belgium)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1737:
Neutrons, X Rays, and Gamma Rays: Imaging Detectors, Material Characterization Techniques, and Applications
John M. Carpenter; David B. Cline; Richard C. Lanza; David F. R. Mildner, Editor(s)

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