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Proceedings Paper

Design of a rapidly cooled cryogenic mirror
Author(s): Ronald J. Plummer; Ike C. Hsu
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Paper Abstract

The paper discusses the design, analysis, and testing of a rapidly cooled beryllium cryogenic mirror, which is the primary mirror in the four-element optical system for the Long Wavelength Infrared Advanced Technology Seeker. The mirror is shown to meet the requirement of five minutes for cooling to cryogenic operating temperature; it also maintains its optical figure and vacuum integrity and meets the nuclear specification. Results of a detailed thermal analysis on the mirror showed that, using nitrogen gas at 80 K as coolant, the front face of the mirror can be cooled from an initial temperature of 300 K to less than 90 K within five minutes. In a vacuum chamber, using liquid nitrogen as coolant, the mirror can be cooled to 80 K within 1.5 min. The mirror is well thermally insulated, so that it can be maintained at less than its operating temperature for a long time without active cooling.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 January 1993
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 1765, Cryogenic Optical Systems and Instruments V, (21 January 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.140894
Show Author Affiliations
Ronald J. Plummer, Lockheed Palo Alto Research Lab. (United States)
Ike C. Hsu, Lockheed Palo Alto Research Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1765:
Cryogenic Optical Systems and Instruments V
Ramsey K. Melugin, Editor(s)

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