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Proceedings Paper

Contact-free determination of human body segment parameters by means of videometric image processing of an anthropomorphic body model
Author(s): Herbert Hatze; Arnold Baca
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Paper Abstract

The development of noninvasive techniques for the determination of biomechanical body segment parameters (volumes, masses, the three principal moments of inertia, the three local coordinates of the segmental mass centers, etc.) receives increasing attention from the medical sciences (e,.g., orthopaedic gait analysis), bioengineering, sport biomechanics, and the various space programs. In the present paper, a novel method is presented for determining body segment parameters rapidly and accurately. It is based on the video-image processing of four different body configurations and a finite mass-element human body model. The four video images of the subject in question are recorded against a black background, thus permitting the application of shape recognition procedures incorporating edge detection and calibration algorithms. In this way, a total of 181 object space dimensions of the subject's body segments can be reconstructed and used as anthropometric input data for the mathematical finite mass- element body model. The latter comprises 17 segments (abdomino-thoracic, head-neck, shoulders, upper arms, forearms, hands, abdomino-pelvic, thighs, lower legs, feet) and enables the user to compute all the required segment parameters for each of the 17 segments by means of the associated computer program. The hardware requirements are an IBM- compatible PC (1 MB memory) operating under MS-DOS or PC-DOS (Version 3.1 onwards) and incorporating a VGA-board with a feature connector for connecting it to a super video windows framegrabber board for which there must be available a 16-bit large slot. In addition, a VGA-monitor (50 - 70 Hz, horizontal scan rate at least 31.5 kHz), a common video camera and recorder, and a simple rectangular calibration frame are required. The advantage of the new method lies in its ease of application, its comparatively high accuracy, and in the rapid availability of the body segment parameters, which is particularly useful in clinical practice. An example of its practical application illustrates the technique.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 January 1993
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 1771, Applications of Digital Image Processing XV, (12 January 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.139101
Show Author Affiliations
Herbert Hatze, Univ. of Vienna (Austria)
Arnold Baca, Univ. of Vienna (Austria)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1771:
Applications of Digital Image Processing XV
Andrew G. Tescher, Editor(s)

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