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Proceedings Paper

Dependence of ocean heating on the distribution of spectral irradiance in the North Atlantic
Author(s): Robert A. Arnone; Gregory E. Terrie; Paul J. Martin
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Paper Abstract

Subsurface heating rates from visible solar irradiance were computed for the North Atlantic for May 1979 during the period of the spring bloom. The visible spectrum between 400 and 700 nm accounts fora substantial fraction, about 43%, of the total solar irradiance at the sea surface, and comprises most of the solar irradiance that penetrates more than a meter into the sea. The mean monthly spectral diffuse attenuation coefficients and surface solar irradiance were used to compute heating rates at 390, 440, 490, 540, 590, 640, and 690 nm over depth increments of 0 - 5, 5 - 10, 10 - 15, 15 - 20, and 20 - 35 m. At low latitudes, in the North Atlantic, significant solar heating occurs at depth as a consequence of high solar irradiance and clear waters. In the northern latitudes the heating is confined near the surface at all wavelengths as a result of high turbidity. Significant spatial variation in the spectral heating rates is observed as a result of chlorophyll and aerosol patchiness.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 December 1992
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 1749, Optics of the Air-Sea Interface: Theory and Measurement, (22 December 1992); doi: 10.1117/12.138866
Show Author Affiliations
Robert A. Arnone, Naval Research Lab. (United States)
Gregory E. Terrie, Naval Research Lab. (United States)
Paul J. Martin, Naval Research Lab. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1749:
Optics of the Air-Sea Interface: Theory and Measurement
Leland Estep, Editor(s)

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