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Proceedings Paper

Models of nonlinearities in focal plane arrays
Author(s): James P. Karins
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Paper Abstract

Focal plane applications demand a high degree of linearity in the detector response function (voltage out vs. photon flux in). For calibrating radiometric data and for correcting channel-to- channel nonuniformities in nonradiometric data, the response function of the focal plane must be correctable to within 0.1%. This specification requires either significant improvement in focal plane technologies or in methods to correct for it. Two-point calibration is often used to correct for nonuniformities across a focal plane array (FPA), as well as for calibration. Because the input-output curves of FPA channels are nonlinear, two-point calibration produces a systematic calibration error as a function of flux, and the channel-to-channel variations of this calibration error leave a significant post-correction nonuniformity. A simple physical model of the detector nonlinearity is used to illustrate these points. The sensor degradation due to nonlinearities is predicted from the pixel-to-pixel variations in nonlinearity after two-point correction. Variations of only 0.2% can result in significant degradations of the array D*.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 September 1992
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 1685, Infrared Detectors and Focal Plane Arrays II, (1 September 1992); doi: 10.1117/12.137785
Show Author Affiliations
James P. Karins, Mission Research Corp. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1685:
Infrared Detectors and Focal Plane Arrays II
Eustace L. Dereniak; Robert E. Sampson, Editor(s)

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