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Proceedings Paper

Novel posterior fixation keratoprosthesis
Author(s): Emmanuel Lacombe
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Paper Abstract

The keratoprosthesis is the last solution for corneally blind patients that cannot benefit from corneal transplants. Keratoprostheses that have been designed to be affixed anteriorly usually necessitate multi-step surgical procedures and are continuously subjected to the extrusion forces generated by the positive intraocular pressure; therefore, clinical results in patients prove inconsistent. We proposed a novel keratoprosthesis concept that utilizes posterior corneal fixation which `a priori' minimizes the risk of aqueous leakage and expulsion. This prosthesis is implanted in a single procedure thereby reducing the number of surgical complications normally associated with anterior fixation devices. In addition, its novel design makes this keratoprosthesis implantable in phakic eyes. With an average follow-up of 13 months (range 3 to 25 months), our results on 21 cases are encouraging. Half of the keratoprostheses were implanted in severe burn cases, with the remainder in cases of pseudo- pemphigus. Good visual results and cosmetic appearance were obtained in 14 of 21 eyes.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 August 1992
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 1644, Ophthalmic Technologies II, (14 August 1992); doi: 10.1117/12.137410
Show Author Affiliations
Emmanuel Lacombe, Hopital Leopold Bellan (France)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1644:
Ophthalmic Technologies II
Jean-Marie Parel, Editor(s)

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