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Proceedings Paper

Effects of Nd:YAG laser-heated metal cap on human platelets in vitro
Author(s): Xia Liu; You-chi Guo
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Paper Abstract

Human platelet-rich plasma (PRP) was irradiated in vitro with a fiberoptic Nd:YAG laser-heated metal cap to study its effects on platelets. The energy of the laser was 5 and 10 watts with an irradiation time of 0, 3, 6, and 9 seconds and 14 watts with an irradiation time of 0, 3, 4, and 5 seconds, respectively. The irradiated PRPs were analyzed for platelet count, aggregation reaction, thromboxane (TX)B2 measurement and electron microscopy. Various degrees of decrease in platelet count were observed in all groups. Except the 5Wx3S group, the other groups showed an increase in the maximum aggregation rate of platelets, which corresponded to the enhancement of TXB2 formation. It was also demonstrated by a transmission electron microscopy in 10Wx3S, 10Wx6S, 10Wx9S, 14Wx3S, 14Wx4S, and 14Wx5S energy groups that alpha- and dense-particles in irradiated platelets became sparse in number or even disappeared, less electron density, irregularity in size and shape, and a tendency for these particles to cluster around platelet membranes and open canalicular systems, which dilated apparently. Furthermore, scanning electron microscopy depicted the appearance of short and thick pseudopods on the surfaces of some irradiated platelets and an increase in the axis rate in most of the irradiated platelets.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 March 1993
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 1616, International Conference on Photodynamic Therapy and Laser Medicine, (5 March 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.137047
Show Author Affiliations
Xia Liu, Fourth Military Medical Univ. (China)
You-chi Guo, Fourth Military Medical Univ. (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1616:
International Conference on Photodynamic Therapy and Laser Medicine

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