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Proceedings Paper

Laser irradiation for central-type lung cancer
Author(s): Kai Sun
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Paper Abstract

Based on laser irradiation experiments on isolated lung specimens of animals done in 1989, 8 patients with central type lung cancer were treated with Nd:YAG laser irradiation via fiberoptic bronchoscope from January 1990 to August 1991 in our hospital. The patients recruited were all diagnosed by fiberoptic bronchoscopy and histology as having central type bronchopulmonary cancer without distal metastasis. All patients were male with a mean age of 64 (range 57 - 72). Of 8 patients, 4 had squamous cell carcinoma, 3 adenocarcinoma, and 1 undifferentiated small cell carcinoma, all being stage TUM 3. After laser treatment, 6 cases had a result of significant response and 2 had minor response. Among 6 cases of atelectasis, 4 were completely cured or partially improved and 4 recovered from their hemoptysis. The subjective symptoms in all cases remitted. A combined chemotherapy was carried out accompanying laser therapy for all, 6 of whom had a shrink of focus over 25%. Six cases were re-examined with fiberoptic bronchoscopy, showing a distinct reduction of the tumor. Four cases expectorated black charring tissues and residual tumorous tissues persistently as an outcome. Two typical cases are reported, the characteristics, indications, techniques, and side effects of laser therapy are analyzed and factors affecting efficacy discussed, indicating that the technique has such advantages as easy operation, accurate orientation, and safe outcome. The procedure is really an effective one for treating central type lung cancer in intermediate or late stage.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 March 1993
PDF: 4 pages
Proc. SPIE 1616, International Conference on Photodynamic Therapy and Laser Medicine, (5 March 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.136951
Show Author Affiliations
Kai Sun, General Hospital of Benxi Iron and Steel Co. (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1616:
International Conference on Photodynamic Therapy and Laser Medicine
Junheng Li, Editor(s)

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