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Proceedings Paper

Formation process of Cd and Zn chalcogenide-doped glasses via gels containing thiourea or selenourea complexes
Author(s): Noboru Tohge; Tsutomu Minami
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Paper Abstract

The formation process of glasses doped with cadmium and zinc sulfide or selenide microcrystallites has been studied, along with the characterization of the glasses obtained. Sulfide microcrystallite-doped SiO2 glasses were prepared by the heat-treatment at around 400 degree(s)C of gels in which thiourea complexes were confined. The formation of thiourea complexes of Cd(NO3)2 and Zn(NO3)2 in the starting solutions to form gels was confirmed from IR and Raman spectra. The crystalline phase of microcrystallites doped was hexagonal for CdS and cubic for ZnS and their mean diameter varied with the amount of thiourea complexes added. The absorption edges of the semiconductor-doped glasses were found to be shifted to shorter wavelengths in reference to those of corresponding bulk semiconductors due to the quantum size embedded in gels only in the presence of L(+)- ascorbic acid as an antioxidant. Most of Se in the gels, however, was found to be lost within forming selenides of the heat-treatment, though the complexes themselves produced cubic CdSe or ZnSe by the heat-treatment at around 400 degree(s)C in air.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 December 1992
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 1758, Sol-Gel Optics II, (7 December 1992); doi: 10.1117/12.132051
Show Author Affiliations
Noboru Tohge, Univ. of Osaka Prefecture (Japan)
Tsutomu Minami, Univ. of Osaka Prefecture (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1758:
Sol-Gel Optics II
John D. Mackenzie, Editor(s)

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