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Proceedings Paper

Accurate measurement of directional emittance of solar-energy materials
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Paper Abstract

Directional emittance plays an important role in the calculation of radiative heat exchange. It partly determines the thermal insulation of single and multiple glazing and the efficiency of solar collectors. An emissiometer has been designed and built, capable for measurements of the directional emittance at angles up to 85 degree(s). The emissiometer can be used for absolute measurements, with a black body radiator as reference, and for relative measurements using a known reference sample. In the case of low-emissivity materials the directional emittance usually has a maximum at an angle between 80 degree(s) and 90 degree(s) (pseudo Brewster angle). The emissiometer is, therefore, especially useful for the accurate characterization of low-emissivity materials like spectral selective coated glazing and solar absorbers. The paper gives a description of the instrument and results are discussed for three coated glass samples with low, medium, and high emissivity, respectively, which were measured for a temperature of 283 K. Results are given of the calculation of the thermal transmittance (or U-value) and of three types of double glazing in which the low, medium, and high emissivity coating was applied.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 November 1992
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 1727, Optical Materials Technology for Energy Efficiency and Solar Energy Conversion XI: Selective Materials, Concentrators and Reflectors, Transparent Insulation and Superwindows, (25 November 1992); doi: 10.1117/12.130507
Show Author Affiliations
Peter A. van Nijnatten, TNO Institute of Applied Physics (Netherlands)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1727:
Optical Materials Technology for Energy Efficiency and Solar Energy Conversion XI: Selective Materials, Concentrators and Reflectors, Transparent Insulation and Superwindows

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