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Proceedings Paper

Systematic design of phase-shifting masks with extended depth of focus and/or shifted focus plane
Author(s): Yong Liu; Anton K. Pfau; Avideh Zakhor
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Paper Abstract

We propose an optimization based algorithm for designing phase-shifting masks. Our approach is an extension of our previous work [1, 2, 3] in the sense that the intensity image is optimized at a number of optical planes rather than just the focus plane. In addition, our algorithm can be used to design masks with shifted focus plane and/or extended depth of focus. We also propose the concept of “dual mask” and show its consequences to practical phase-shifting mask design. Finally, we show examples of our proposed design techniques for single line phase connectors, cross phase connectors, contact holes and bright lines. Simulation and experimental results verify the capability of our design technique to extend depth of focus and shift the focus plane.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 June 1992
PDF: 39 pages
Proc. SPIE 1674, Optical/Laser Microlithography V, (1 June 1992); doi: 10.1117/12.130308
Show Author Affiliations
Yong Liu, Univ. of California/Berkeley (United States)
Anton K. Pfau, Univ. of California/Berkeley (United States)
Avideh Zakhor, Univ. of California/Berkeley (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1674:
Optical/Laser Microlithography V
John D. Cuthbert, Editor(s)

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