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Optical Engineering

Optical Tracking Using Charge-Coupled Devices
Author(s): Richard H. Stanton; James W. Alexander; Edwin W. Dennison; Thomas A. Glavich; Larry F. Hovland
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Paper Abstract

Techniques and instruments developed for extracting precise positional information from CCD images of point-source and extended optical targets are described. With the use of thinned, backside-illuminated devices, performance levels close to those expected from straightforward geometric considerations are obtained. For ideal point sources (ie., stars outside of the earth's atmosphere), centerfinding accuracy of 1/100 pixel and measurement jitter of less than 1/250 pixel have been measured. Detailed tests showed that the main factor limiting tracker accuracy is small variation in the optical image shape rather than CCD noise or response nonuniformity. Methods of searching the entire field for the desired targets are described, along with windowing techniques for tracking. Also discussed are three specific examples of flight instruments previously developed or now being developed at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 September 1987
PDF: 9 pages
Opt. Eng. 26(9) 269930 doi: 10.1117/12.7974173
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 26, Issue 9
Show Author Affiliations
Richard H. Stanton, California Institute of Technology (United States)
James W. Alexander, California Institute of Technology (United States)
Edwin W. Dennison, California Institute of Technology (United States)
Thomas A. Glavich, California Institute of Technology (United States)
Larry F. Hovland, California Institute of Technology (United States)

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