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Optical Engineering

Sensitive Detection Of Hydrogen Chloride By Derivative Spectroscopy With A Diode Laser
Author(s): P. Pokrowsky; W. Herrmann
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Paper Abstract

Low concentration pollutants in the atmosphere can be detected by their infrared absorption spectra. We use a diode laser spectrometer in a dual-beam configuration for this purpose. The laser source is frequency modulated to provide the sensitivity enhancement associated with derivative spectroscopy. One of the laser beams is passed through a reference cell containing the gas to be detected in order to lock the laser frequency to the center of the absorption line. The other beam passes through a White cell with 64 m absorption path length. Sample air is sucked through this cell at a pressure of about 100 mbar. Although the pressure reduction reduces the density of absorbing molecules by a factor of ten, the increase in absorption cross section due to the narrowing linewidth nearly compensates this effect and drastically reduces interference from other gases. The absorption is observed as a modulation of the laser intensity at twice the modulation frequency. The intensity modulation is proportional to the second derivative of the absorption line. The spectrometer was used in a field experiment on board a research vessel in the North Sea for the measurement of HCI in the plumes of incineration ships. A HCI detection sensitivity of 50 ppbii-Lz was achieved.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 February 1984
PDF: 4 pages
Opt. Eng. 23(1) 230188 doi: 10.1117/12.7973259
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 23, Issue 1
Show Author Affiliations
P. Pokrowsky, Institut fur Physik (West Germany)
W. Herrmann, Institut fur Physik (West Germany)

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