Share Email Print

Optical Engineering

Skylab Multispectral Scanner (5-192)
Author(s): I. R. Abel; B. R. Reynolds
Format Member Price Non-Member Price
PDF $20.00 $25.00
cover GOOD NEWS! Your organization subscribes to the SPIE Digital Library. You may be able to download this paper for free. Check Access

Paper Abstract

In this paper we describe the design and performance of a Multispectral Scanner. The optical system of Skylab Multispectral Scanner (S-192) consists of an image plane scanner (telescope), a spectrometer for separation of the radiation into 13 spectral bands, and a 13-element (Hg,Cd)Te detector array. The image plane scanner is a new system based on three interrelated main features: (1) a reflective adaptation of the Schmidt principle; (2) a conical line scan in which all field elements are brought to and corrected on axis; and (3) a scanning arrangement in which the aperture stop of the system, located in a relay unit, is imaged at the center of curvature of the spherical primary mirror. Replacing the physical stop used in the classical Schmidt configuration with a virtual one makes the system much more compact. As a consequence of the image plane scanning and the Schmidt symmetry, the system scans at a large radial angle (11-degree diameter) and at an extremely high rate (6000 rpm) with relatively small scanning mirrors and a large entrance pupil diameter (43 cm). The spectrometer divides the radiation into 13 spectral bands, 12 of which are located between 0.4 and 2.35 micrometers and the other, 10.2-12.5 micrometers. A dichroic beamsplitter separates the far IR band from the 12 lower wavelength bands, which are dispersed by prisms. Photographic reproductions of the actual flight recordings show 80-meter resolution at an altitude of 440 km.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 August 1974
PDF: 7 pages
Opt. Eng. 13(4) 134292 doi: 10.1117/12.7971708
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 13, Issue 4
Show Author Affiliations
I. R. Abel, Honeywell Radiation Center (United States)
B. R. Reynolds, Honeywell Radiation Center (United States)

© SPIE. Terms of Use
Back to Top