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Optical Engineering

Fully automated reconstruction of three-dimensional vascular tree structures from two orthogonal views using computational algorithms and productionrules
Author(s): Iching Liu; Ying Sun
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Paper Abstract

A system for reconstructing 3-D vascular structures from two orthogonally projected images is presented. The formidable problem of matching segments between two views is solved using knowledge of the epipolar constraint and the similarity of segment geometry and connectivity. The knowledge is represented in a rule-based system, which also controls the operation of several computational algorithms for tracking segments in each image, representing 2-D segments with directed graphs, and reconstructing 3-D segments from matching 2-D segment pairs. Uncertain reasoning governs the interaction between segmentation and matching; it also provides a framework for resolving the matching ambiguities in an iterative way. The system was implemented in the C Ianguage and the C Language Integrated Production System (CLIPS) expert system shell. Using video images of a tree model, the standard deviation of reconstructed centerlines was estimated to be 0.8 mm (1.7 mm) when the view direction was parallel (perpendicular) to the epipolar plane. Feasibility of clinical use was shown using x-ray angiograms of a human chest phantom. The correspondence of vessel segments between two views was accurate. Computational time for the entire reconstruction process was under 30 s on a workstation. A fully automated system for two-view reconstruction that does not require the a priori knowledge of vascular anatomy is demonstrated.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 October 1992
PDF: 11 pages
Opt. Eng. 31(10) doi: 10.1117/12.59977
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 31, Issue 10
Show Author Affiliations
Iching Liu, Univ. of Rhode Island (United States)
Ying Sun, Univ. of Rhode Island (United States)

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