Optical EngineeringSinusoidal phase modulating laser diode interferometer with feedback control system to eliminate external disturbance
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We propose a sinusoidal phase modulating laser diode interferometer that is insensitive to vibrations of the optical components and fluctuations in the optical wavelength of the laser diode. These external disturbances cause fluctuations in the phase of the interference signal. After we analyze the sinusoidal phase modulation in a laser diode interferometer, we describe the method of the feedback control of the injection current of the laser diode to eliminate the phase fluctuations of the interference signal. We construct two sinusoidal phase modulating interferometers for movement measurements and surface profile measurements, respectively. The experimental results make it clear that the interferometers work well in mechanically noisy circumstances.