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Journal of Biomedical Optics

Spectroscopic and Morphologic Characterization of the Dentin/ Adhesive Interface
Author(s): R. M. Lemor; Michael B. Kruger; David M. Wieliczka; Jim R. Swafford; Paulette Spencer
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Paper Abstract

The potential environmental risks associated with mercury release have forced many European countries to ban the use of dental amalgam. Alternative materials such as composite resins do not provide the clinical function for the length of time characteristically associated with dental amalgam. The weak link in the composite restoration is the dentin/adhesive bond. The purpose of this study was to correlate morphologic characterization of the dentin/adhesive bond with chemical analyses using micro-Fourier transform infrared and micro-Raman spectroscopy. A commercial dental adhesive was placed on dentin substrates cut from extracted, unerupted human third molars. Sections of the dentin/adhesive interface were investigated using infrared radiation produced at the Aladdin synchrotron source; visible radiation from a Kr+ laser was used for the micro-Raman spectroscopy. Sections of the dentin/adhesive interface, differentially stained to identify protein, mineral, and adhesive, were examined using light microscopy. Due to its limited spatial resolution and the unknown sample thickness the infrared results cannot be used quantitatively in determining the extent of diffusion. The results from the micro-Raman spectroscopy and light microscopy indicate exposed protein at the dentin/adhesive interface. Using a laser that reduces background fluorescence, the micro- Raman spectroscopy provides quantitative chemical and morphologic information on the dentin/adhesive interface. The staining procedure is sensitive to sites of pure protein and thus, complements the Raman results.

Paper Details

PDF: 6 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 4(1) doi: 10.1117/12.345386
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 4, Issue 1, January 1999
Show Author Affiliations
R. M. Lemor, Univ. of Missouri/Kansas City (United States)
Michael B. Kruger, Univ. of Missouri/Kansas City (United States)
David M. Wieliczka, Univ. of Missouri/Kansas City (United States)
Jim R. Swafford, Univ. of Missouri/Kansas City School of Dentistry (United States)
Paulette Spencer, Univ. of Missouri/Kansas City School of Dentistry (United States)


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