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Journal of Biomedical Optics

Rapid observation of unfixed, unstained human skin biopsy specimens with confocal microscopy and visualization
Author(s): Barry R. Masters; David J. Aziz; Arthur F. Gmitro; James H. Kerr; Terence C. O'Grady; Leon Goldman
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Paper Abstract

The use of reflected light confocal microscopy is proposed to rapidly observe unfixed, unstained biopsy specimens of human skin. Reflected light laser scanning confocal microscopy was used to compare a freshly excised, unfixed, unstained biopsy specimen, and in vivo human skin. Optical sections from the ex vivo biopsy specimen of human skin and in vivo human skin were converted to red-green anaglyphs for threedimensional visualization. Contrast was derived from intrinsic differences in the scattering properties of the organelles and cells within the tissue. Individual cellular layers were observed in both tissues from the surface to the papillary dermis. Confocal microscopy of an unfixed, unstained biopsy specimen showed cells and cell nuclei of the stratum spinosum. Confocal microscopy of in vivo human skin demonstrated optical sectioning through a hair shaft on the upper hand. The combination of reflected light confocal microscopy and threedimensional visualization with red-green anaglyphs provides a rapid technique for observing fresh biopsies of human skin.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 October 1997
PDF: 9 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 2(4) doi: 10.1117/12.285088
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 2, Issue 4
Show Author Affiliations
Barry R. Masters
David J. Aziz, WYKO Corp. (United States)
Arthur F. Gmitro, Optical Sciences Ctr./Univ. of Arizona (United States)
James H. Kerr, Naval Hospital (United States)
Terence C. O'Grady, Naval Medical Ctr. (United States)
Leon Goldman, U.S. Navy (United States)

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