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Optical Engineering

Growth rates of different polymorphs from interspherulitic boundary profiles
Author(s): Giovanni C. Alfonso; Paolo Moretti; Paola Pallenzona; Jinghua Yin
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Paper Abstract

Quantitative data on the crystallization kinetics of polymorphic polymers can be derived from the investigation of gross spherulitic morphology formed in isothermal conditions. Depending on distance between centers, and the time lag between their formation and relative growth rates, various types of boundary lines can be generated by the impinging of two spherical bodies whose radii increase linearly with time. In polymorphic polymers, different types of spherulites often develop simultaneously at different rates from sporadic or predetermined nuclei. In some cases, the so-called growth transformation, in which a nucleus of the fast growing specie is formed at the tip of an advancing lamella of the slower crystal form, provides an alternative mode of nucleation. It is shown that if only one event of growth transformation takes place at the front of a slow growing body, the fast growing spherulite swallows the parent one and the resultant shape of interspherulitic boundary is described by two symmetrical logarithmic spirals whose parameters can be extracted from micrographs taken at the end of crystallization. These concepts are applied to determine the radial growth rate of γ form spherulites of polypivalolactone in a wide range of temperatures through analysis of the α/γ interspherulitic profiles formed in isothermal conditions and direct measurement of the growth rate of the α counterparts at the same temperature.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 December 1995
PDF: 8 pages
Opt. Eng. 34(12) doi: 10.1117/12.213244
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 34, Issue 12
Show Author Affiliations
Giovanni C. Alfonso, Univ. of Genova (Italy)
Paolo Moretti, Univ. of Genova (Italy)
Paola Pallenzona, Univ. of Genova (Italy)
Jinghua Yin, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry (China)


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