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Journal of Electronic Imaging

On the application of Gibbs random field in image processing: from segmentation to enhancement
Author(s): Jiebo Luo; Chang Wen Chen; Kevin J. Parker
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Paper Abstract

The Gibbs random field (GRF) has proved to be a simple and practical way of parameterizing the Markov random field, which has been widely used to model an image or image-related process in many image processing applications. In particular, the GRF can be employed to construct an efficient Bayesian estimation that often yields optimal results. We describe how the GRF can be efficiently incorporated into optimization processes in several representative applications, ranging from image segmentation to image enhancement. One example is the segmentation of computerized tomography (CT) volumetric image sequence in which the GRF has been incorporated into K-means clustering to enforce the neighborhood constraints. Another example is the artifact removal in discrete cosine transform-based low bit rate image compression where GRF has been used to design an enhancement algorithm that reduces the "blocking effect" and the "ringing effect" while still preserving the image details. The third example is the integration of GRF in a wavelet-based subband video coding scheme in which the high-frequency subbands are segmented and quantized with spatial constraints specified by a GRF, and the subsequent enhancement of the decompressed images is accomplished by smoothing with another type of GRF. With these diverse examples, we are able to demonstrate that various features of images can all be properly characterized by a GRF. The specific form of the GRF can be selected according to the characteristics of an individual application. We believe that the GRF is a powerful tool to exploit the spatial dependency in various images, and is applicable to many image processing tasks.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 April 1995
PDF: 12 pages
J. Electron. Imaging. 4(2) doi: 10.1117/12.204686
Published in: Journal of Electronic Imaging Volume 4, Issue 2
Show Author Affiliations
Jiebo Luo, Univ. of Rochester (United States)
Chang Wen Chen, Univ. of Rochester (United States)
Kevin J. Parker, Univ. of Rochester (United States)


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