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Optical Engineering

Adaptable edge quality metric
Author(s): Robin N. Strickland; Dunkai K. Chang
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Paper Abstract

A new quality metric for evaluating edges detected by digital image processing algorithms is presented. The metric is a weighted sum of measures of edge continuity, smoothness, thinness, localization, detection, nd noisiness. Through a training process, we can design weights that optimize the metric for different users and applications. We have used the metric to compare the results of ten edge detectors when applied to edges degraded by varying degrees of blur and varying degrees and types of noise. As expected, the more optimum Laplacian-of-Gaussians (LoG) filter and Haralick's second derivative method outperform the simpler gradient detectors. At high SNR, Haralick's method is the best choice, although it exhibits a sudden drop in performance at lower SNRs. The LoG filter's performance degrades almost linearly with SNR and maintains a reasonably high level at lower SNRs. The same relative performances are observed as blur is varied. For most of the detectors tested, performance drops with increasing noise correlation. Noise correlated in the same direction as the edge is the most destructive of the noise types tested.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 May 1993
PDF: 8 pages
Opt. Eng. 32(5) doi: 10.1117/12.130263
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 32, Issue 5
Show Author Affiliations
Robin N. Strickland, Univ. of Arizona (United States)
Dunkai K. Chang, Univ. of Arizona (United States)

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