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Optical Engineering • new

Characterization of vector stimulated Brillouin scattering gain over wide power range
Author(s): Yongqian Li; Qi An; Xiaojuan Li; Lixin Zhang
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Paper Abstract

The wide range power dependence of vector stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) gain is theoretically and experimentally characterized by a mathematical model and measurement system based on the heterodyne pump–Stokes technique. The results show that SBS phase shift is much more tolerant of pump depletion than SBS amplitude gain, hence the performance improvement of the SBS-based distributed sensing system can be achieved by measuring the SBS phase shift spectrum. The discussion about the measured Brillouin spectrum width versus pump power at different Stokes powers reveals that the occurrence of nonnegligible pump depletion imposes a restriction on the determination of pump and Stokes powers in an SBS amplitude gain-based application system. The amplitude gain and phase shift of vector SBS gain increase with the increase of pump power and decrease with the increase of Stokes power, which indicates that the design strategy with smaller Stokes power and higher pump power is reasonable. And the measured center-asymmetry of the SBS phase shift spectrum is mainly caused by the nonlinear refractive index, which puts a limitation on the maximum pump power. The obtained results can provide a useful basis for the optimal design of practical vector SBS gain-based application systems.

Paper Details

Date Published: 31 July 2017
PDF: 8 pages
Opt. Eng. 56(7) 076116 doi: 10.1117/1.OE.56.7.076116
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 56, Issue 7
Show Author Affiliations
Yongqian Li, North China Electric Power Univ. (China)
Qi An, North China Electric Power Univ. (China)
Xiaojuan Li, North China Electric Power Univ. (China)
Lixin Zhang, North China Electric Power Univ. (China)


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