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Optical Engineering

Development of Yb3+-doped oxyfluoride glass-ceramics with low OH content containing CaF2 nanocrystals for optical refrigeration
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Paper Abstract

Oxyfluoride glasses and glass-ceramics (GCs) have some niche advantages over other oxide and fluoride glasses, as they possess combined properties. This paper reports the structural, thermal, and photoluminescence (PL) properties of Yb3+-doped SiO2Al2O3CaOCaF2 oxyfluoride glasses and transparent GCs containing CaF2 nanocrystals. Special efforts were undertaken to minimize the hydroxyl (OH) content in the prepared samples to improve their optical features. Differential scanning calorimetry analyses were performed to determine the characteristic temperatures of the base glasses. X-ray diffractometry studies have confirmed the fluorite CaF2 nanocrystals to be 10 nm in size. Reduced transparency in the ultraviolet (UV)–visible to the near-infrared (NIR) regions was observed for the GCs compared to the base glass with increasing thermal treatment temperature. A higher PL intensity upon 920-nm excitation was obtained in the GCs compared to that of the base glass. The absolute photoluminescence quantum yield upon 920-nm laser excitation was evaluated using an integrating sphere and an optical spectrum analyzer. It was observed that the lifetime of the 2F5/2 level of the Yb3+ ions decreases with increasing ceramization temperature. The potential advantages of using such oxyfluoride GCs over commonly studied single crystals for laser cooling applications are discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 31 August 2016
PDF: 5 pages
Opt. Eng. 56(1) 011103 doi: 10.1117/1.OE.56.1.011103
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 56, Issue 1
Show Author Affiliations
Venkata Krishnaiah Kummara, Ecole Polytechnique de Montréal (Canada)
Univ. Laval (Canada)
Yannick Ledemi, Ctr. d'Optique, Photonique et Laser (Canada)
Univ. Laval (Canada)
Elton Soares de Lima Filho, Ecole Polytechnique de Montréal (Canada)
Univ. Laval (Canada)
Galina Nemova, Ecole Polytechnique de Montréal (Canada)
Younès Messaddeq, Ctr. d'Optique, Photonique et Laser (Canada)
Univ. Laval (Canada)
Raman Kashyap, Ecole Polytechnique de Montréal (Canada)

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