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Optical Engineering

High-throughput machining using a high-average power ultrashort pulse laser and high-speed polygon scanner
Author(s): Joerg Schille; Lutz Schneider; Andrè Streek; Sascha Kloetzer; Udo Loeschner
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Paper Abstract

High-throughput ultrashort pulse laser machining is investigated on various industrial grade metals (aluminum, copper, and stainless steel) and Al2O3 ceramic at unprecedented processing speeds. This is achieved by using a high-average power picosecond laser in conjunction with a unique, in-house developed polygon mirror-based biaxial scanning system. Therefore, different concepts of polygon scanners are engineered and tested to find the best architecture for high-speed and precision laser beam scanning. In order to identify the optimum conditions for efficient processing when using high-average laser powers, the depths of cavities made in the samples by varying the processing parameter settings are analyzed and, from the results obtained, the characteristic removal values are specified. For overlapping pulses of optimum fluence, the removal rate is as high as 27.8  mm3/min for aluminum, 21.4  mm3/min for copper, 15.3  mm3/min for stainless steel, and 129.1  mm3/min for Al2O3, when a laser beam of 187 W average laser powers irradiates. On stainless steel, it is demonstrated that the removal rate increases to 23.3  mm3/min when the laser beam is very fast moving. This is thanks to the low pulse overlap as achieved with 800  m/s beam deflection speed; thus, laser beam shielding can be avoided even when irradiating high-repetitive 20-MHz pulses.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 September 2016
PDF: 10 pages
Opt. Eng. 55(9) 096109 doi: 10.1117/1.OE.55.9.096109
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 55, Issue 9
Show Author Affiliations
Joerg Schille, Hochschule Mittweida (Germany)
Lutz Schneider, Hochschule Mittweida (Germany)
Andrè Streek, Sensorikzentrum Mittelsachsen e.V. (Germany)
Hochschule Mittweida (Germany)
Sascha Kloetzer, Sensorikzentrum Mittelsachsen e.V. (Germany)
Hochschule Mittweida (Germany)
Udo Loeschner, Sensorikzentrum Mittelsachsen e.V. (Germany)
Hochschule Mittweida (Germany)

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