Optical Engineering • Open AccessDesign and optimization for total internal reflection collimators based on slope-error tolerance analysis
This work provides a design and optimization method for total internal reflection (TIR) lenses based on slope-error tolerance analysis. This work focuses on how the slope error impacts the central luminous intensity (CLI) of a TIR lens. The concentration standard index (CSI) is introduced as a metric for analyzing the CLI, both locally and globally. A unique design method for improved manufacturing tolerance is introduced, and a way of optimizing the TIR lens design in order to achieve a better slope-error tolerance is presented by evaluating the CSI. Using the design method, a TIR lens is fabricated and this theoretical approach is then demonstrated by a comparison between the tested contours of the TIR surfaces.