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Optical Engineering

Silicone rubber-coated highly sensitive optical fiber sensor for temperature measurement
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Paper Abstract

A silicone rubber-coated Mach–Zehnder interferometer (MZI) is proposed and applied to temperature measurement. The MZI is fabricated by splicing single mode fiber between a short section of no-core fiber (NCF) and the ultra-abrupt taper region. The sensing length of MZI is coated with liquid silicone rubber to enhance the temperature sensitivity. Here, NCF is used to excite the higher order cladding mode, the ultra-abrupt taper region acts as a optical fiber coupler, and the silicone rubber coating on sensing length is used as solid cladding material instead of liquid. The enhancement of the sensitivity of a device is due to the high refractive index (1.42) and thermo-optic coefficient ( 1.4 × 10 4 / ° C ) of silicone rubber as compared to liquid cladding temperature sensors. The experiment was performed for both coated and uncoated MZI and the results were compared. The MZI exhibits a high temperature sensitivity of 253.75 and 121.26    pm / ° C for coated and uncoated sensing probes, respectively, in the temperature range from 30°C to 75°C.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 December 2016
PDF: 5 pages
Opt. Eng. 55(12) 126107 doi: 10.1117/1.OE.55.12.126107
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 55, Issue 12
Show Author Affiliations
Vanita Bhardwaj, Indian School of Mines (India)
Rahul Kumar Gangwar, Indian School of Mines (India)
Vinod Kumar Singh, Indian School of Mines (India)

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