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Optical Engineering

Fabrication and characterization of carbon/oxygen-implanted waveguides in Nd3+-doped phosphate glasses
Author(s): Chun-Xiao Liu; Jun Xu; Li-Li Fu; Rui-Lin Zheng; Zhi-Guang Zhou; Wei-Nan Li; Hai-Tao Guo; She-Bao Lin; Wei Wei
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Paper Abstract

Optical planar waveguides in Nd3+-doped phosphate glasses are fabricated by a 6.0-MeV carbon ion implantation with a dose of 6.0×1014 ions/cm2 and a 6.0-MeV oxygen ion implantation at a fluence of 6.0×1014 ions/cm2, respectively. The guided modes and the corresponding effective refractive indices were measured by a modal 2010 prism coupler. The refractive index profiles of the waveguides were analyzed based on the stopping and range of ions in matter and the RCM reflectivity calculation method. The near-field light intensity distributions were measured and simulated by an end-face coupling method and a finite-difference beam propagation method, respectively. The comparison of optical properties between the carbon-implanted waveguide and the oxygen-implanted waveguide was carried out. The microluminescence and Raman spectroscopy investigations reveal that fluorescent properties of Nd3+ ions and glass microstructure are well preserved in the waveguide region, which suggests that the carbon/oxygen-implanted waveguide is a good candidate for integrated photonic devices.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 June 2015
PDF: 6 pages
Opt. Eng. 54(6) 067106 doi: 10.1117/1.OE.54.6.067106
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 54, Issue 6
Show Author Affiliations
Chun-Xiao Liu, Nanjing Univ. of Posts and Telecommunications (China)
Jun Xu, East China Jiaotong Univ. (China)
Li-Li Fu, Nanjing Univ. of Posts and Telecommunications (China)
Rui-Lin Zheng, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications (China)
Zhi-Guang Zhou, Xi'an Institute of Optics and Precision Mechanics (China)
Wei-Nan Li, Xi'an Institute of Optics and Precision Mechanics (China)
Hai-Tao Guo, Xi'an Institute of Optics and Precision Mechanics (China)
She-Bao Lin, Baoji Univ. of Arts and Science (China)
Wei Wei, Nanjing Univ. of Posts and Telecommunications (China)


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