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Optical Engineering

Glass-based confined structures fabricated by sol-gel and radio frequency sputtering
Author(s): Andrea Chiappini; Cristina Armellini; Alessandro Carpentiero; Iustyna Vasilchenko; Anna Lukowiak; Davor Ristic; Stefano Varas; Simone Normani; Maurizio Mazzola; Alessandro Chiasera
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Paper Abstract

Some of the main results obtained in the field of glass-based photonic crystal (PC) systems using complementary techniques, such as radio frequency (RF) sputtering and sol-gel route, are presented. Initially, rare earth-activated one-dimensional PCs fabricated by RF-sputtering technique will be discussed, specifically the cavity is constituted by an Er3+ -doped SiO2active layer inserted between two Bragg reflectors consisting of 10 pairs of SiO2/TiO2/layers. Moreover, from near infrared, transmittance and variable angle reflectance spectra have verified the presence of a stop band from 1500 to 2000 nm with a cavity resonance centered at 1749 nm at 0 deg and quality factor of 890. In the second case, a composite system based on polystyrene colloidal nanoparticles assembled and embedded in an elastomeric matrix will be presented in detail. This system has been designed as a structure that displays an iridescent green color that can be attributed to the PC effect. This feature has been exploited to create a chemical sensor; in fact optical measurements have evidenced that this system presents a different optical response as a function of the solvent applied on the surface, showing: (1) high sensitivity, (2) fast response, and (3) reversibility of the signal change.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 January 2014
PDF: 7 pages
Opt. Eng. 53(7) 071804 doi: 10.1117/1.OE.53.7.071804
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 53, Issue 7
Show Author Affiliations
Andrea Chiappini, Consiglio Nazionale Delle Ricerche (Italy)
Cristina Armellini, Istituto di Fotonica e Nanotecnologie (Italy)
Alessandro Carpentiero, Univ. degli Studi di Trento (Italy)
Iustyna Vasilchenko, Consiglio Nazionale Delle Ricerche (Italy)
Anna Lukowiak, Consiglio Nazionale Delle Ricerche (Italy)
Davor Ristic, Istituto di Fotonica e Nanotecnologie (Italy)
Stefano Varas, Istituto di Fotonica e Nanotecnologie (Italy)
Simone Normani, Consiglio Nazionale Delle Ricerche (Italy)
Maurizio Mazzola, Istituto di Fotonica e Nanotecnologie (Italy)
Alessandro Chiasera, Univ. degli Studi di Trento (Italy)

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