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Optical Engineering

Hyperemic responses of the optic nerve head blood flow to chromatic equiluminant flicker are reduced by ocular hypertension and early glaucoma
Author(s): Benedetto Falsini; Charles E. Riva; Tommaso Salgarello; Eric Logean; Alberto Colotto; Andrea Giudiceandrea
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Paper Abstract

We evaluated in ocular hypertension (OHT) and early glaucoma (EOAG) patients the optic nerve head (ONH) blood flow response (RF onh ) to chromatic equiluminant flicker. This stimulus generates neural activity dominated by the parvo-cellular system. Eleven EOAG, 20 OHT patients, and 8 age-matched control subjects were examined. The blood flow (F onh ) at the neuroretinal rim was continuously monitored by laser Doppler flowmetry before, during, and after a 60-s exposure to a 4 Hz, red-green equiluminant flicker stimulus (30 deg field). RF onh was expressed as percentage F onh -change during the last 20 s of flicker relative to baseline F onh . Responses were collected at a number of temporal sites. The highest RF onh value was used for subsequent analysis. As compared to controls, both OHT and EOAG patients showed a decrease (p<0.01 ) in mean RF onh . We conclude that RF onh elicited by chromatic equiluminant flicker is abnormally reduced in OHT and EOAG patients indicating an impairment of the parvo-cellular-mediated vasoactivity. This decrease of vascular response may occur independently of neural activity loss early in the disease process.

Paper Details

Date Published: 31 January 2014
PDF: 5 pages
Opt. Eng. 53(6) 061706 doi: 10.1117/1.OE.53.6.061706
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 53, Issue 6
Show Author Affiliations
Benedetto Falsini, Univ. Cattolica del Sacro Cuore (Italy)
Charles E. Riva, Univ. de Lausanne (Switzerland)
Tommaso Salgarello, Univ. Cattolica del Sacro Cuore (Italy)
Eric Logean, Institut de Recherche en Ophtalmologie (Switzerland)
Alberto Colotto, Univ. Cattolica del Sacro Cuore (Italy)
Andrea Giudiceandrea, Univ. Cattolica del Sacro Cuore (Italy)

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