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Optical Engineering

Tunable liquid iris actuated using electrowetting effect
Author(s): Cheng-Chian Yu; Jeng-Rong Ho; J.W. John Cheng
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Paper Abstract

A configuration for a tunable liquid iris, which consists simply of two immiscible liquids and two flat indium tin oxide (ITO) glass substrates, is proposed. The two immiscible liquids are transparent salt solution and opaque oil, respectively. The top ITO electrode was precoated with a 2-μm-thick polydimethylsiloxane film as the dielectric layer, while the surface of the bottom electrode was specially treated using ultraviolet irradiation to define specific hydrophilic regions. The iris aperture’s diameter could easily be regulated by varying the direct current bias voltages between the two electrodes. Results show that the aperture diameter can be continuously varied from 1.5 mm at the voltage-off state to 3.5 mm at a bias of 350 V. This liquid iris takes the advantages of low fabrication cost, fast response time, low-power consumption, and easy reversibility without the need of any mechanical movable parts.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 May 2014
PDF: 5 pages
Opt. Eng. 53(5) 057106 doi: 10.1117/1.OE.53.5.057106
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 53, Issue 5
Show Author Affiliations
Cheng-Chian Yu, National Chung Cheng Univ. (Taiwan)
Jeng-Rong Ho, National Central Univ. (Taiwan)
J.W. John Cheng, National Chung Cheng Univ. (Taiwan)

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