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Optical Engineering • Open Access

Chirped fiber Brillouin frequency-domain distributed sensing
Author(s): Peter D. Dragic; Anthony Mangognia; John Ballato

Paper Abstract

A frequency-domain distributed temperature/strain sensor based on a longitudinally graded optical fiber (LGF) is proposed and evaluated. In an LGF, the Brillouin scattering frequency, νB , changes (i.e., is chirped) lengthwise monotonically and thus every position along the fiber has a unique νB . Any change locally (at some position) in the fiber environment will result in a measurable change in the shape of the Brillouin gain spectrum (BGS) near the frequency component mapped to that position. This is demonstrated via measurements and modeling for an LGF with local heating. The LGF is one with ∼100  MHz Brillouin frequency gradient over 16.7 m, with 1.1 and 1.7 m segments heated up to 40 K above ambient. A measurement of the BGS can enable the determination of a thermal (or strain) distribution along a sensor fiber, thus rendering the system one that is in the frequency domain. A sensitivity analysis is also presented for both coherent and pump-probe BGS measurement schemes. The modeling results suggest that the frequency-domain systems based on fibers with a chirped Brillouin frequency are highly suited as inexpensive event sensors (alarms) and have the potential to reach submeter position determination with sub-1-K temperature accuracies at <1  kHz sampling rates. Limitations to the technique are discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 May 2014
PDF: 11 pages
Opt. Eng. 53(5) 056117 doi: 10.1117/1.OE.53.5.056117
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 53, Issue 5
Show Author Affiliations
Peter D. Dragic, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (United States)
Anthony Mangognia, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (United States)
John Ballato, Clemson Univ. (United States)

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