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Optical Engineering • Open Access

Comparison of bispectrum, multiframe blind deconvolution and hybrid bispectrum-multiframe blind deconvolution image reconstruction techniques for anisoplanatic, long horizontal-path imaging

Paper Abstract

The potential benefits of real-time, or near-real-time, image processing hardware to correct for turbulence-induced image defects for long-range surveillance and weapons targeting are sufficient to motivate significant resource commitment to their development. Quantitative comparisons between potential candidates are necessary to decide on a preferred processing algorithm. We begin by comparing the mean-square-error (MSE) performance of speckle imaging (SI) methods and multiframe blind deconvolution (MFBD), applied to long-path horizontal imaging of a static scene under anisoplanatic seeing conditions. Both methods are used to reconstruct a scene from three sets of 1000 simulated images featuring low, moderate, and severe turbulence-induced aberrations. The comparison shows that SI techniques can reduce the MSE up to 47%, using 15 input frames under daytime conditions. The MFBD method provides up to 40% improvement in MSE under the same conditions. The performance comparison is repeated under three diminishing light conditions, 30, 15, 8 photons per pixel on average, where improvements of up to 39% can be achieved using SI methods with 25 input frames, and up to 38% for the MFBD method using 150 input frames. The MFBD estimator is applied to three sets of field data and representative results presented. Finally, the performance of a hybrid bispectrum-MFBD estimator that uses a rapid bispectrum estimate as the starting point for the MFBD image reconstruction algorithm is examined.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 April 2014
PDF: 16 pages
Opt. Eng. 53(4) 043109 doi: 10.1117/1.OE.53.4.043109
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 53, Issue 4
Show Author Affiliations
Glen E. Archer, Michigan Technological Univ. (United States)
Jeremy P. Bos, Michigan Technological Univ. (United States)
Michael C. Roggemann, Michigan Technological Univ. (United States)

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