Optical EngineeringPerformance investigation of Raman erbium-doped fiber amplifier hybrid optical amplifier in the scenario of high-speed orthogonal-modulated signals
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We propose a new optical data format based on simultaneously modulating nonreturn-to-zero and polarization-shift-keying for high-speed applications by means of efficient utilization of bandwidth. To the best of our knowledge, this article reports on the first investigation of a Raman erbium-doped fiber amplifier hybrid optical amplifier using a hybrid/orthogonal modulation technique in the scenario of 8- and 20-channel dense wavelength division multiplexed systems with high-data rates at 0.2 and 0.8 nm channel spacing, respectively. The results show that the proposed modulation format offers significant advantages in offering high-spectral efficiency values with acceptable quality factors and bit error rates.