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Optical Engineering

Discrimination of chemical warfare simulants via multiplex coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering and multivariate statistical analysis
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Paper Abstract

Multiplex coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (MCARS) is used to detect several chemical warfare simulants, such as dimethyl methylphosphonate and 2-chloroethyl ethyl sulfide, with high specificity. The spectral bandwidth of the femtosecond laser pulse used in these studies is sufficient to coherently and simultaneously drive all the vibrational modes in the molecule of interest. Evidence shows that MCARS is capable of overcoming common sensitivity limitations of spontaneous Raman scattering, thus allowing for the detection of the target material in milliseconds with standard, uncooled universal serial bus spectrometers as opposed to seconds with cooled, intensified CCD-based spectrometers. In addition, the obtained MCARS spectrum of the investigated sample provides multiple unique signatures. These signatures are used in an off-line multivariate statistical analysis allowing for the material’s discrimination with high fidelity.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 September 2013
PDF: 9 pages
Opt. Eng. 53(2) 021105 doi: 10.1117/1.OE.53.2.021105
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 53, Issue 2
Show Author Affiliations
John J. Brady, U.S. Army Research Lab. (United States)
Mikella E. Farrell, U.S. Army Research Lab. (United States)
Paul M. Pellegrino, U.S. Army Research Lab. (United States)

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