Optical Engineering • Open AccessPhosphor modeling and characterization
The prevalent method to develop a phosphor recipe (based on trial and error) to create white light with a blue light-emitting diode (LED) is time-consuming. We developed a new method for determining parametric values in a simulated phosphor model through systematic testing of phosphor samples and optimizing the parameter values with ray-trace software. The model employs Mie volume scattering together with absorption and down-conversion. A double-integrating sphere spectral measurement system was constructed to perform phosphor characterization. It was used to characterize a YAG phosphor over a wide range of phosphor concentrations and thicknesses. The final phosphor model was proven to accurately predict the phosphor performance.