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Optical Engineering • Open Access

Optical and thermal properties of spinel with revised (increased) absorption at 4 to 5 μm wavelengths and comparison with sapphire
Author(s): Daniel C. Harris; Linda F. Johnson; Robert Seaver; Tod Lewis; Giorgio Turri; Michael A. Bass; David E. Zelmon; Nicholas Haynes

Paper Abstract

Infrared absorption of high-quality, commercial, polycrystalline MgAl2O4 spinel is ∼40% greater in the range of 3.8 to 5.0 μm than the value predicted by the computer code OPTIMATR®, which has been used for window and dome design for more than 20 years. As a result, spinel and a -plane sapphire windows designed to support the same external pressure with the same probability of survival have approximately the same infrared absorptance in the range 3.8 to 5.0 μm. c -Plane sapphire has greater absorptance than spinel in the range 3.8 to 5.0 μm. Spinel has two weak absorption bands near 1.8 and 3.0 μm. At 1.064 μm, the laser calorimetric absorption coefficient of spinel is 10 to 50 times greater than that of sapphire. New measurements of specific heat capacity, thermal expansion, thermal conductivity, elastic constants, and refractive index (including dn/dT) of spinel are reported.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 August 2013
PDF: 12 pages
Opt. Eng. 52(8) 087113 doi: 10.1117/1.OE.52.8.087113
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 52, Issue 8
Show Author Affiliations
Daniel C. Harris, Naval Air Warfare Ctr. Weapons Div. (United States)
Linda F. Johnson, Naval Air Warfare Ctr. Weapons Div. (United States)
Robert Seaver, Naval Air Warfare Ctr. Weapons Div. (United States)
Tod Lewis, Naval Air Warfare Ctr. Weapons Div. (United States)
Giorgio Turri, Florida Southern College (United States)
Michael A. Bass, CREOL, The College of Optics and Photonics, Univ. of Central Florida (United States)
David E. Zelmon, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Nicholas Haynes, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)


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