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Optical Engineering • Open Access

Enhanced iris recognition method based on multi-unit iris images
Author(s): Kwang Yong Shin; Yeong Gon Kim; Kang Ryoung Park

Paper Abstract

For the purpose of biometric person identification, iris recognition uses the unique characteristics of the patterns of the iris; that is, the eye region between the pupil and the sclera. When obtaining an iris image, the iris’s image is frequently rotated because of the user’s head roll toward the left or right shoulder. As the rotation of the iris image leads to circular shifting of the iris features, the accuracy of iris recognition is degraded. To solve this problem, conventional iris recognition methods use shifting of the iris feature codes to perform the matching. However, this increases the computational complexity and level of false acceptance error. To solve these problems, we propose a novel iris recognition method based on multi-unit iris images. Our method is novel in the following five ways compared with previous methods. First, to detect both eyes, we use Adaboost and a rapid eye detector (RED) based on the iris shape feature and integral imaging. Both eyes are detected using RED in the approximate candidate region that consists of the binocular region, which is determined by the Adaboost detector. Second, we classify the detected eyes into the left and right eyes, because the iris patterns in the left and right eyes in the same person are different, and they are therefore considered as different classes. We can improve the accuracy of iris recognition using this pre-classification of the left and right eyes. Third, by measuring the angle of head roll using the two center positions of the left and right pupils, detected by two circular edge detectors, we obtain the information of the iris rotation angle. Fourth, in order to reduce the error and processing time of iris recognition, adaptive bit-shifting based on the measured iris rotation angle is used in feature matching. Fifth, the recognition accuracy is enhanced by the score fusion of the left and right irises. Experimental results on the iris open database of low-resolution images showed that the averaged equal error rate of iris recognition using the proposed method was 4.3006%, which is lower than that of other methods.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 April 2013
PDF: 12 pages
Opt. Eng. 52(4) 047201 doi: 10.1117/1.OE.52.4.047201
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 52, Issue 4
Show Author Affiliations
Kwang Yong Shin, Dongguk Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
Yeong Gon Kim, Dongguk Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
Kang Ryoung Park, Dongguk Univ. (Korea, Republic of)

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