Optical Engineering • Open AccessTransient effect to small duty-cycle pulse in cascaded erbium-doped fiber amplifier system
Factors that affect the transient effect on small duty-cycle pulse in a cascaded erbium-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA) system are studied in simulation and experiment. The considered factors consist of the numbers of cascaded EDFAs, the peak power and the extinction ratio of optical pulse, with results showing that the optical pulse will be severely distorted by the transient effect of EDFA. The distortion becomes more serious with the increase of the three parameters. To avoid or mitigate the transient effect, a method of adding another optical signal with a different wavelength to the objective pulse is employed in the experiment. The experimental results show that this method could effectively restrain the transient effect in a cascaded EDFA system.