Optical EngineeringHolographic display system of a three-dimensional image with distortion-free magnification and zero-order elimination
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We propose a three-dimensional (3-D) holographic display system which consists of a phase-only spatial light modulator (SLM) and a modified 4-f system. The 3-D scene is generated from OpenGL, and the point source algorithm with anti-aliasing technique is used to generate the Fresnel hologram. A modified 4-f system is proposed to produce distortion-free magnification of the 3-D image and eliminate the zero-order interruption of the 3-D holographic imaging system. This method can make efficient utilization of the space-bandwidth product of the SLM, which promises the image quality and keeps the 3-D imaging zone unchanged. Numerical simulations and optical experiments are performed, and the results show that our proposed method can reconstruct enlarged 3-D optical image with correct magnification factor and low image noise.