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Optical Engineering

Study on the purification of hydrogen bromide gas by fractional distillation technique and its effect on improvement of copper-hydrogen bromide laser performance
Author(s): Ramakanta Biswal; Praveen K. Agrawal; Sudhir Kumar Dixit; Shankar V. Nakhe
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Paper Abstract

This paper presents a purification process of hydrogen bromide (HBr) gas by fractional distillation technique and its use for performance enhancement of copper-HBr laser (Cu-HBrL). The residual impurities in HBr were suppressed by a two-step distillation process at temperatures of - 196°C and - 20°C. The lowering of the impurities was confirmed by comparing the mass spectrograph of the HBr gas before and after distillation, using a quadrupole mass spectrometer. The effect of the purified HBr gas on the performance of Cu-HBrL average output power as well its electrical discharge characteristics were studied. More than 37% improvement in the laser average output power (40 to 55 W) was observed with the use of this distilled HBr gas compared to undistilled gas. The underlying mechanism of the enhancement was analyzed by comparing electrical discharge characteristics in the two cases. The improvement in Cu-HBrL performance with distilled HBr gas was attributed to lowering of bromine and hydrogen concentration, mainly manifested as increased average electrical energy coupling to the discharge. This resulted in increased laser gain as well as gain volume, which were reflected in increases in laser output power and beam diameter.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 November 2012
PDF: 8 pages
Opt. Eng. 51(11) 114203 doi: 10.1117/1.OE.51.11.114203
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 51, Issue 11
Show Author Affiliations
Ramakanta Biswal, Raja Ramanna Ctr. for Advanced Technology (India)
Praveen K. Agrawal, Raja Ramanna Ctr. for Advanced Technology (India)
Sudhir Kumar Dixit, Raja Ramanna Ctr. for Advanced Technology (India)
Shankar V. Nakhe, Raja Ramanna Ctr. for Advanced Technology (India)


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