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Optical Engineering

Hyperspectral classification approaches for intertidal macroalgae habitat mapping: a case study in Heligoland
Author(s): Natascha M. Oppelt; Florian Schulze; Katja Doernhoefer; Inga Eisenhardt; Inka Bartsch
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Paper Abstract

Analysis of coastal marine algae communities enables us to adequately estimate the state of coastal marine environments and provides evidence for environmental changes. Hyperspectral remote sensing provides a tool for mapping macroalgal habitats if the algal communities are spectrally resolvable. We compared the performance of three classification approaches to determine the distribution of macroalgae communities in the rocky intertidal zone of Heligoland, Germany, using airborne hyperspectral (AISAeagle) data. The classification results of two supervised approaches (maximum likelihood classifier and spectral angle mapping) are compared with an approach combining k-Means classification of derivative measures. We identified regions of different slopes between main pigment absorption features of macroalgae and classified the resulting slope bands. The maximum likelihood classifier gained the best results (Cohan's kappa = 0.81), but the new approach turned out as a time-effective possibility to identify the dominating macroalgae species with sufficient accuracy (Cohan's kappa = 0.77), even in the heterogeneous and patchy coverage of the study area.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 June 2012
PDF: 12 pages
Opt. Eng. 51(11) 111703 doi: 10.1117/1.OE.51.11.111703
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 51, Issue 11
Show Author Affiliations
Natascha M. Oppelt, Christian-Albrechts-Univ. zu Kiel (Germany)
Florian Schulze, Christian-Albrechts-Univ. zu Kiel (Germany)
Katja Doernhoefer, Christian-Albrechts-Univ. zu Kiel (Germany)
Inga Eisenhardt, Christian-Albrechts-Univ. zu Kiel (Germany)
Inka Bartsch, Alfred-Wegener-Institut für Polar- und Meeresforschung (Germany)

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