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Neurophotonics • Open Access • new

Investigation of the sensitivity of functional near-infrared spectroscopy brain imaging to anatomical variations in 5- to 11-year-old children
Author(s): Ashley C. Whiteman; Hendrik Santosa; Daniel F. Chen; Susan B. Perlman; Theodore Huppert

Paper Abstract

Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) is a noninvasive brain imaging technique that uses scalp-placed light sensors to measure evoked changes in cerebral blood oxygenation. The portability, low overhead cost, and ability to use this technology under a wide range of experimental environments make fNIRS well-suited for studies involving infants and children. However, since fNIRS does not directly provide anatomical or structural information, these measurements may be sensitive to individual or group level differences associated with variations in head size, depth of the brain from the scalp, or other anatomical factors affecting the penetration of light into the head. This information is generally not available in pediatric populations, which are often the target of study for fNIRS. Anatomical magnetic resonance imaging information from 90 school-age children (5 to 11 years old) was used to quantify the expected effect on fNIRS measures of variations in cerebral and extracerebral structure. Monte Carlo simulations of light transport in tissue were used to estimate differential and partial optical pathlengths at 690, 780, 808, 830, and 850 nm and their variations with age, sex, and head size. This work provides look-up tables of these values and general guidance for future investigations using fNIRS sans anatomical information in this child population.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 September 2017
PDF: 44 pages
Neurophoton. 5(1) 011009 doi: 10.1117/1.NPh.5.1.011009
Published in: Neurophotonics Volume 5, Issue 1
Show Author Affiliations
Ashley C. Whiteman, Univ. of Pittsburgh (United States)
Hendrik Santosa, Univ. of Pittsburgh (United States)
Daniel F. Chen, Univ. of Pittsburgh (United States)
Susan B. Perlman, Univ. of Pittsburgh (United States)
Theodore Huppert, Univ. of Pittsburgh (United States)

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