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Neurophotonics • Open Access

Coupling of cerebral blood flow and oxygen consumption during hypothermia in newborn piglets as measured by time-resolved near-infrared spectroscopy: a pilot study

Paper Abstract

Hypothermia (HT) is a potent neuroprotective therapy that is now widely used in following neurological emergencies, such as neonatal asphyxia. An important mechanism of HT-induced neuroprotection is attributed to the associated reduction in the cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO2). Since cerebral circulation and metabolism are tightly regulated, reduction in CMRO2 typically results in decreased cerebral blood flow (CBF); it is only under oxidative stress, e.g., hypoxia-ischemia, that oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) deviates from its basal value, which can lead to cerebral dysfunction. As such, it is critical to measure these key physiological parameters during therapeutic HT. This report investigates a noninvasive method of measuring the coupling of CMRO2 and CBF under HT and different anesthetic combinations of propofol/nitrous-oxide (N2O) that may be used in clinical practice. Both CBF and CMRO2 decreased with decreasing temperature, but the OEF remained unchanged, which indicates a tight coupling of flow and metabolism under different anesthetics and over the mild HT temperature range (38°C to 33°C).

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 September 2015
PDF: 8 pages
Neurophoton. 2(3) 035006 doi: 10.1117/1.NPh.2.3.035006
Published in: Neurophotonics Volume 2, Issue 3
Show Author Affiliations
Mohammad Fazel Bakhsheshi, Lawson Health Research Institute (Canada)
Robarts Research Institute (Canada)
Mamadou Diop, Lawson Health Research Institute (Canada)
Western Univ. (Canada)
Laura B. Morrison, Lawson Health Research Institute (Canada)
Keith St. Lawrence, Lawson Health Research Institute (Canada)
Robarts Research Institute (Canada)
Western University (Canada)
Ting-Yim Lee, Lawson Health Research Institute (Canada)
Robarts Research Institute (Canada)
Western Univ. (Canada)

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