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Vasodynamics of pial and penetrating arterioles in relation to arteriolo-arteriolar anastomosis after focal stroke
Author(s): Utku Baran; Yuandong Li; Ruikang K. Wang
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Paper Abstract

Changes in blood perfusion in highly interconnected pial arterioles provide important insights about the vascular response to ischemia within brain. The functional role of arteriolo-arteriolar anastomosis (AAA) in regulating blood perfusion through penetrating arterioles is yet to be discovered. We apply a label-free optical microangiography (OMAG) technique to evaluate the changes in vessel lumen diameter and red blood cell velocity among a large number of pial and penetrating arterioles within AAA abundant region overlaying the penumbra in the parietal cortex after a middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). In comparison with two-photon microscopy, the OMAG technique makes it possible to image a large number of vessels in a short period of time without administering exogenous contrast agents during a time-constrained MCAO experiment. We compare vasodynamics in penetrating arterioles at various locations. The results show that the MCA connected penetrating arterioles close to a strong AAA dilate, while those belonging to a region away from AAAs constrict in various degrees. These results suggest AAAs play a major role in supporting the active dilation of the penetrating arterioles, thus compensating a significant amount of blood to the ischemic region, whereas the poor blood perfusion occurs at the regions away from AAA connections, leading to ischemia.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 June 2015
PDF: 9 pages
2(2) 025006 doi: 10.1117/1.NPh.2.2.025006
Published in: Neurophotonics Volume 2, Issue 2
Show Author Affiliations
Utku Baran, Univ. of Washington (United States)
Yuandong Li, Univ. of Washington (United States)
Ruikang K. Wang, Univ. of Washington (United States)

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