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Journal of Applied Remote Sensing

Modified multiple endmember spectral mixture analysis for mapping impervious surfaces in urban environments
Author(s): Kun Tan; Xiao Jin; Qian Du; Peijun Du
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Paper Abstract

A modified multiple endmember spectral mixture analysis (MMESMA) approach is proposed for high-spatial-resolution hyperspectral imagery in the application of impervious surface mapping. Different from the original MESMA that usually selects one endmember spectral signature for each land-cover class, the proposed MMESMA allows the selection of multiple endmember signatures for each land-cover class. It is expected that the MMESMA can better accommodate within-class variations and yield better mapping results. Various unmixing models are compared, such as the linear mixing model, linear spectral mixture analysis using the original linear mixture model, original MESMA, and support vector machine using a nonlinear mixture model. Airborne 1-m resolution HySpex and ROSIS data are used in the experiments. For HySpex data, validation based on 25-cm synchronism aerial photography shows that MMESMA performs the best, with the root-mean-squared error (RMSE) of the estimated abundance fractions being 13.20% and the correlation coefficient (R2) being 0.9656. For ROSIS data, validation based on simulation shows that MMESMA performs the best, with the RMSE of the estimated abundance fraction being 4.51% and R2 being 0.9878. These demonstrate that the proposed MMESMA can generate more reliable abundance fractions for high-spatial-resolution hyperspectral imagery, which tends to include strong within-class spectral variations.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 August 2014
PDF: 16 pages
J. Appl. Rem. Sens. 8(1) 085096 doi: 10.1117/1.JRS.8.085096
Published in: Journal of Applied Remote Sensing Volume 8, Issue 1
Show Author Affiliations
Kun Tan, China Univ. of Mining and Technology (China)
Xiao Jin, China Univ. of Mining and Technology (China)
Qian Du, Mississippi State Univ. (United States)
Peijun Du, Nanjing Univ. (China)

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