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Journal of Applied Remote Sensing • Open Access

Land cover classification in multispectral imagery using clustering of sparse approximations over learned feature dictionaries
Author(s): Daniela I. Moody; Steven P. Brumby; Joel C. Rowland; Garrett L. Altmann

Paper Abstract

We present results from an ongoing effort to extend neuromimetic machine vision algorithms to multispectral data using adaptive signal processing combined with compressive sensing and machine learning techniques. Our goal is to develop a robust classification methodology that will allow for automated discretization of the landscape into distinct units based on attributes such as vegetation, surface hydrological properties, and topographic/geomorphic characteristics. We use a Hebbian learning rule to build spectral-textural dictionaries that are tailored for classification. We learn our dictionaries from millions of overlapping multispectral image patches and then use a pursuit search to generate classification features. Land cover labels are automatically generated using unsupervised clustering of sparse approximations (CoSA). We demonstrate our method on multispectral WorldView-2 data from a coastal plain ecosystem in Barrow, Alaska. We explore learning from both raw multispectral imagery and normalized band difference indices. We explore a quantitative metric to evaluate the spectral properties of the clusters in order to potentially aid in assigning land cover categories to the cluster labels. Our results suggest CoSA is a promising approach to unsupervised land cover classification in high-resolution satellite imagery.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 December 2014
PDF: 19 pages
J. Appl. Remote Sens. 8(1) 084793 doi: 10.1117/1.JRS.8.084793
Published in: Journal of Applied Remote Sensing Volume 8, Issue 1
Show Author Affiliations
Daniela I. Moody, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Steven P. Brumby, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Joel C. Rowland, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Garrett L. Altmann, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)


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