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Journal of Applied Remote Sensing

<italic<In-situ</italic< observations and modeling of spring snowmelt processes in an Altay Mountains river basin
Author(s): Xuejiao Wu; Ninglian Wang; Yongping Shen; Jianqiao He; Wei Zhang
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Paper Abstract

Snowmelt is a principal source for ground-water recharge and stream flows in mountainous regions of northwestern China. Knowledge of the timing, magnitude, and processes of snowmelt under changing climate conditions is required for appropriate water resource management. The Utah energy balance (UEB) model was used to simulate the development and melting of spring (March 2012) snow cover at an observation site in the Kayiertesi River Basin in the Altay Mountains in Xinjiang. The modeled results were validated by field measurements and remotely sensed data. Results show that the simulation of the snowmelt process lasted for 24 days and the modeled snow water equivalent (SWE) closely matched the observed SWE, with a mean relative error of 7.2%. During the snowmelt process, net radiation was the major energy source of the snow layer. The variation of the snowmelt outflow was closely related to the snowmelt amounts and air temperature. The initial results of this modeling process show that our calibrated parameters were reasonable and the UEB model can be used for simulating and forecasting peak snowmelt outflows in this region.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 April 2014
PDF: 15 pages
J. Appl. Remote Sens. 8(1) 084697 doi: 10.1117/1.JRS.8.084697
Published in: Journal of Applied Remote Sensing Volume 8, Issue 1
Show Author Affiliations
Xuejiao Wu, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute (China)
Univ. of Chinese Academy of Sciences (China)
Ninglian Wang, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute (China)
Yongping Shen, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute (China)
Jianqiao He, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute (China)
Wei Zhang, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute (China)
Univ. of Chinese Academy of Sciences (China)


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