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Journal of Applied Remote Sensing

Detection of built-up area in optical and synthetic aperture radar images using conditional random fields
Author(s): Benson K. Kenduiywo; Valentyn A. Tolpekin; Alfred Stein
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Paper Abstract

Classifying built-up areas from satellite images is a challenging task due to spatial and spectral heterogeneity of the classes. In this study, a contextual classification method based on conditional random fields (CRFs) has been used. Spatial and spectral information from blocks of pixels were employed to identify built-up areas. The CRF association potential was based on support vector machines (SVMs), whereas the CRF interaction potential included a data-dependent term using the inverse of the transformed Euclidean distance. In this way, accuracy was stable for a varying smoothness parameter, while preserving class boundaries and aggregating similar labels, and a discontinuity adaptive model was obtained and conditioned on data evidence. The classification was applied on satellite towns around the city of Nairobi, Kenya. The accuracy exceeded that of Markov random fields, SVM, and maximum likelihood classification by 1.13%, 2.22%, and 8.23%, respectively. The CRF method had the lowest fraction of false positives. The study concluded that CRFs can be used to better detect built-up areas. In this way, it provides accurate timely spatial information to urban planners and other professionals.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 February 2014
PDF: 19 pages
J. Appl. Rem. Sens. 8(1) 083672 doi: 10.1117/1.JRS.8.083672
Published in: Journal of Applied Remote Sensing Volume 8, Issue 1
Show Author Affiliations
Benson K. Kenduiywo, Jomo Kenyatta Univ. of Agriculture and Technology (Kenya)
Valentyn A. Tolpekin, Univ. Twente (Netherlands)
Alfred Stein, Univ. Twente (Netherlands)

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