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Journal of Applied Remote Sensing • Open Access

Coastal wave field extraction using TerraSAR-X data
Author(s): Miguel Bruck; Susanne Lehner

Paper Abstract

The main highlights of TerraSAR-X (TS-X) synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imagery are a higher resolution of up to 1 m, when compared to conventional C-band SAR data, and a reduction of nonlinear imaging effects of a moving target by lower platform altitude. Thus, ocean waves with wavelength <30  m are detectable. This makes TS-X particularly useful to observe coastal areas where complex bathymetry strongly impacts the approaching waves. TS-X images acquired in different coastal areas are presented, including three case studies at the German coast. Wave fields (significant wave height and peak wavelength) are derived from the TS-X imagery using the proposed XWAVE algorithm and compared not only to in situ buoy wave measurements but also to results of a high-resolution numerical wave model. The objective is to study the quality of significant wave height field estimation in the spatial domain in highly variable conditions, which are typically dominant in coastal areas. The results show that the empirical XWAVE algorithm allows estimating wave fields from TS-X data with high resolution, thus showing the spatial information on wave variations. Therefore, it is a new useful tool to characterize sea state in coastal areas by remote sensing.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 September 2013
PDF: 20 pages
J. Appl. Rem. Sens. 7(1) 073694 doi: 10.1117/1.JRS.7.073694
Published in: Journal of Applied Remote Sensing Volume 7, Issue 1
Show Author Affiliations
Miguel Bruck, Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. (Germany)
Susanne Lehner, Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. (Germany)

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