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Journal of Applied Remote Sensing • Open Access

Near-field motion of the Haiyuan fault zone in the northeastern margin of the Tibetan plateau derived from InSAR permanent scatterers analysis
Author(s): Chunyan Qu; Xinjian Shan; Xiaobo Xu; Guohong Zhang; Xiaogang Song; Guifang Zhang

Paper Abstract

The Haiyuan fault zone is a major discontinuity in the northeastern margin of the Tibetan plateau. A magnitude 8.5 earthquake occurred there in 1920. Both geological investigations and GPS measurements show that this fault zone is still highly active, with a slip rate of 3 to 10  mm/year , exhibiting a large range of variance in both space and time. We attempt to use the permanent scatterers interferometric (PSI) synthetic aperture radar technique to better detect the near-field motion of this fault zone. We process and analyze 38 scenes of ENVISAT/ASAR images from two neighboring descending orbits using the PSI method. The results show a remarkable velocity gradient of about 5  mm/year across the central segment of the fault zone and a rate of about 5 to 6  mm/year on its eastern segment. The motion senses are consistent with a left-lateral strike slip. The motion histories of most PS points show a stable linear variation trend in time series. In addition to these motion features that agree with those from geological, GPS and other observations, the dense PS analysis also reveals spatially continuous variations of crustal motion around the fault zone.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 September 2013
PDF: 22 pages
J. Appl. Remote Sens. 7(1) 073507 doi: 10.1117/1.JRS.7.073507
Published in: Journal of Applied Remote Sensing Volume 7, Issue 1
Show Author Affiliations
Chunyan Qu, China Earthquake Administration (China)
Xinjian Shan, China Earthquake Administration (China)
Xiaobo Xu, China Earthquake Administration (China)
Guohong Zhang, China Earthquake Administration (China)
Xiaogang Song, China Earthquake Administration (China)
Guifang Zhang, China Earthquake Administration (China)

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